Within 1850 and you can 1860 census Allen County said a beneficial thirty five% drop for the Ebony society

Within 1850 and you can 1860 census Allen County said a beneficial thirty five% drop for the Ebony society

Fort Wayne and Allen County’s tall populace miss was almost certainly owed to help you broadening racial polarization inside late 1850s. This amount continued to ericans by the 1870 census. The county’s society increased so you can 169 for the 1880 and also because trended up, enumerating 41,618 African Americans on the 2010 census.


Kirby, J. Randolph. “Cards to your Introduction regarding a black People in Fort Wayne, Indiana between 1820 and you will 1850.” Old Fort Reports 54: 1-several.

Quinn, Angela M. The newest Underground Railroad as well as the Antislavery Course from inside the Fort Wayne and you can Allen State, Indiana. Fort Wayne, IN: Arch, Inc., 2001.

Stith, Hana L. Lighting up a forgotten Heritage, Dark colored Records, Fort Wayne, Indiana. Fort Wayne, Ind.: African & Dark colored People Museum, 2005.

U.S. Agency of one’s Census. “Aggregate Quantity of Per Breakdown out-of Persons within this District from Indiana,” 1: 352. Sixth Census of your You, 1840. Arizona, D.C.: U.S. Census Office, 1841.

You.S. Bureau of the Census. Populace regarding Municipal Divisions Below Areas; Table III County of Indiana,” 1:124 7th Census of the All of us, 1850 Arizona, D.C.: U.S. Census Workplace, 1852

You.S. Bureau of your own Census. Inhabitants regarding Civil Departments Lower than Areas; Dining table III County away from Indiana,” 1:124 8th Census of one’s Us, 1860. Arizona, D.C.: U.S. Census Work environment, 1862

You.S. Agency of the Census. “Society away from Civil Divisions Below Counties; Dining table III-State off Indiana,” 1: 124. Ninth Census of the All of us, 1870. Arizona, D.C.: You.S. Regulators Printing Place of work, 1872.

Bartholomew County is actually molded during the 1821. Considering federal censuses, the full quantity of blacks and you will mulattos was six inside the 1830 (including the Nancy Tyler and you can James Slight family), 34 for the 1840, 82 into the 1850, six when you look at the 1860, and you may 42 in 1870.

Bartholomew County’s that understood settlement either called “Africa,” “Smokey Slope,” or “Nigger Slope” are located in Columbus Township

The main drop off away from 1850 in order to 1860 may be related to brand new negative racial environment and you can/otherwise best economic options various other section (Handley and Robbins, 33). It wasn’t up until 1880 your town of Columbus spotted an effective big boost in their black populace.The majority of these people lived-in Columbus Township in addition to city of Columbus. A number of the surnames was: Jones, Oxendine, Galbreath, Mitchell, Simmons and Newby. (Newby and you can Mountain were labels that were regarding the Beech Payment within the close Hurry County.) These very early settlers originated in Vermont, South carolina, Virginia and Indiana.

Many group that were in the 1850 census is actually and additionally listed in the fresh new Sign in regarding Negroes and you will Mulattoes having Bartholomew County. (Robbins, Indiana Negro Files 1852-1865) Specialist Xenia E. Cable covers an unfamiliar Bartholomew State settlement inside her essay, “Black Rural Agreements in the Indiana prior to 1860” (Gibbs, 104-105). For the July 31, 1927, historian George Pence sexy hot Charlotte, NC girl showed a papers ahead of a shared meeting out-of the new Bartholomew Condition Historic Community together with State house Literary Bar (Paulette Roberts Range). From the report, Pence says: “Along in the early fifties a bit many Negroes, some fifty souls, all the advised, had compensated in the south element of Columbus, additionally the settlement is actually in your area also known as Africa.

For the old age after the emigration of the colored somebody the new area try made into a very progressive label regarding Smokey Line. It appears the community named “Africa” and “Smokey Line” was known as “Nigger Slope” throughout the later 1870s. An enthusiastic African Methodist Episcopal Chapel Congregation during the Columbus is actually identified as are an integral part of the new Salem Routine with cuatro participants inside 1841 (Times, Indiana Yearly Meeting, AME Church). Into the 1850 there had been three “negro” residents that have a house appreciated on $520 (Heller, 303).