Manuel Brown and Priscilla Burdine’s totally new matrimony permit, March, nine, 1843, Book Good, Los angeles Porte County, Indiana Condition Clerk’s Office, Courthouse.
The new four most widely known African american rural groups within the Gibson Condition is one to unnamed payment inside Montgomery Township and you can Lyles Station, Roundtree, and you may Sand hill inside the Patoka Township. Surnames with the county African Us americans are Anderson, Banister, Bass, Cantrel, Chaves, Cliff, Cole, Grier, Hardimen, Liggens, Lyles, McDaniel, Morland, Nolcox, Roundtree, Option, Walden, and you can Williams.
The newest coming of African Us citizens toward Gibson Condition appears to have started which have Charles Grier. The guy ordered forty date San Antonio, FL ladies acres in the 1815 in what became Montgomery Township. He found Indiana from Virginia. He along with his spouse, Keziah, at some point received 260 acres from home. He is apparently the latest nucleus away from a keen unnamed payment inside the the new township. Though Grier’s house is a distance on Ebony settlers out of Patoka Township, the guy financed an enthusiastic African Methodist Episcopal Chapel for the Sand-hill. And their homestead the guy had land nearby the introduce day Lyles Channel. Grier (died in 1872) or other friends was hidden during the an effective Montgomery Township cemetery.
The fresh conclude date for the payment try unknown. The latest Montgomery Township census lists eleven blacks inside 1850, 24 inside the 1860, and 33 within the 1870. Audrey Werle’s index lists Grier, together with five other Dark colored minds of house on 1870 census. Five of those people, also Grier, try identified as farmers. Whenever Grier died, his students went on to own land in Montgomery Township.
In this Patoka Township, there had been many Dark colored pioneers. The fresh new Gibson County census directories forty five free blacks for the 1820, 53 from inside the 1830, and you can 137 into the 1840. When you look at the succeeding government decennial censuses getting Patoka Township black citizens is listed as follows: 171 during the 1850, 209 in the 1860, and you will 312 when you look at the 1870.
Roundtree Payment is receive by the Patoka River. James Roundtree ‘s the title very associated with this community. He while others dependent brand new Black Connection. Later on when it must be repaired, he battled and you may claimed a case that went to the fresh new Indiana Ultimate Legal.
Brand new payment regarding Sand-hill is located below Lyles Channel. The latest Hardiman and Nolcox household are a couple of early leaders regarding the which black colored rural community. One another parents are still farming inside Gibson Condition.
Arlene Blanks Polk, a good descendant away from Joshua Lyles provides a quick sumesake out of Lyles Station. Within recent Traces off Indiana and you can Midwestern Background blog post, she corrects the century-dated misconception you to definitely Lyles was a servant which had been freed of the a great benevolent, light master. As a consequence of court records and other data, she demonstrates the guy belonged so you’re able to a household of free African Americans off Virginia. Your family moved to Tennessee after which so you’re able to Indiana in which Llesis on the 1840 Patoka Township, Gibson County census. A few of the African american thoughts from home which might be noted with him resided close your into the Tennessee. Regarding the Farming Schedule to have 1850, Joshua Lyles owns 320 acres off land with a farm worthy of off $five-hundred. He considering belongings towards registration college in1864, as well as in 1870 he contributed homes for the Journey Railway. It had been after that time the urban area obtained the brand new label Lyles Channel. Joshua Lyles died doing 1885, making a highly rich heritage.
Search when you look at the Gibson Condition possess exposed other very early African american payment brands plus: Algerville Slope, Button, and you will Walden. A lot more studies must be done and discover once they had been separate groups or the way they relate genuinely to the higher known agreements inside the Montgomery and Patoka townships.